Boiler explosion - causes
The principal causes of explosions, in fact the only causes, are deficiency of strength in the shell or other parts of the boilers, over-pressure and over-heating. Deficiency of strength in steam boilers may be due to original defects, bad workmanship, deterioration from use or mismanagement."
"Cause.-Boiler explosions are always due to the fact that some part of the boiler is, for some reason, too weak to withstand the pressure to which it is subjected. This may be due to one of two causes: Either the boiler is not strong enough to safely carry its proper working pressure, or else the pressure has been allowed to rise above the usual point by the sticking of the safety valves, or some similar cause"
Boiler explosions are common in sinking ships once the superheated boiler touches cold sea water, as the sudden cooling of the superheated metal causes it to crack; for instance, when the SS Ben Lomond was torpedoed by a U-boat, the torpedoes and resulting boiler explosion caused the ship to go down in two minutes, leaving Poon Lim as the only survivor in a complement of 54 crew.
Installation of water meters in an apartment block
Plumbers employed by the cooperative to perform a variety of hydraulic works. These include repairs done in individual apartments on request of their owners and renovations carried out throughout the block. Usually in all apartments at the same time they are installed new water meters, corresponding to accepted standards. Plumbers make the readings of the counters and check whether they function correctly and that none of the residents of the block is not he cheat on by their counter just to get lower bills for water consumption. They deal with the replacement of defective meters with new ones, if you notice the occurrence of any irregularities in their operation.
Permission to close the main water valve
Water leak, which occurred in an apartment is doubly dangerous because it can cause flooding of the neighbors who live one floor below. Therefore, if we find the growing leak in the kitchen or bathroom, you should immediately call an ambulance, hydraulic, which would come at us very quickly. There will not be a problem closing the water in the apartment allowing for minimizing the existing flooding tiles and floors. Sometimes it may also be that in order to perform repair work you will need to close the main water valve in the existing block. To carry out such an act will have to have the consent of the cooperative, since closing the main valve will cause a break in the supply of water to all tenants.